Parts of a Research Paper:
Here is a comprehensive list of the parts a research paper should have. Of course, the parts presented here may correspond to a monograph or more complex paper.
Since this semester we will work on a more simple document, explore the web and come up with the basic parts a paper should have (in your opinion).
Your task for today is to write down a list of those parts and decide the order they should have. You can do this in pairs.
- Title page
- Dedication (optional)
- Preface (optional)
- Table of Contents (optional in short papers)
- Materials and method
- Appendix (optional)
- Title of paper
- Secondary title (optional)
- Full name of author
- Submission statement
- Date submitted.
If the author wishes he may explain his topic choice and share his interest in the field studied
The Table of Contents (optional in short papers):
In a long research paper, a table of contents should go on a separate page titled TABLE OF CONTENTS. It should contain, with the page number:
- The title of each chapter or division, followed by the title of each important subdivision
- The appendix, if the paper has it
- The bibliography
It is a short (up to 200 words) summary of the entire work. It should include:
- Purpose of the study
- Brief description of the work
- Results, including specific data
- Important conclusions of research paper or questions
It is usually written when the rest of the paper is completed. It allows the reader to learn the essentials of the study in a short period of time.
- economy of words
- complete sentences
- a single concise paragraph
- writing in a past tense
- corrrect spelling, clear sentences and phrases, proper reporting of quantities
- stands on its own, doesn’t refer to any other part of the paper
- focuses on summarizing results
Has three main purposes:
- provides background and motivation for the topic
- describes the focus and purpose of the paper
- gives an overview of what is contained in the paper’s various sections.
- up to two pages (double spaced, typed)
- usage of a past tense except when referring to established facts
- one major point in organizing ideas with each paragraph
- precise statements
Materials and Method:
This section gives the reader enough information to study the subject and to use your materials in his own work if desired. Here you describe what you did, the way you did it, present precise facts, your work is based on.
Basic Do’s and Don’t’s:
- be as concise as you possibly can
- use third person passive voice.
- use complete sentences.
- avoid informal lists
This section proves your views with the data. The page length depends on the amount and type of the information to be reported. The purpose of the section is to demonstrate the results of your investigation
- use past tense
- put the results in a logical order
- refer to each figure as “figure 1,” “figure 2,”; number your tables
- each figure and table stands on its own
- do not include raw data or intermediate calculations in your paper
- do not present the same information more than once
The main purpose of this section is to explain why the results came out as they did, focusing on the principles of the investigation.
- the limit is up to five typed double-spaced pages
- use past tense referring to work done by specific individuals and present tense referring to generally accepted facts and principles
- present the data in appropriate depth
- list the items in an alphabetical order, by first author
- don’t include a website as a reference
- citing an on -line journal, use the journal citation
Sometimes it may serve as a valuable addition to a research paper. It might contain a letter, a map, a table — i. e. materials, that are important to the reader, but they didn’t find their place in the text itself
- Note that research paper parts are to be found in the text in the same order they were presented here.
- Please, pay much attention to research paper organization, keeping to the rules studied, and impress your tutor with results of your work.
Taken from: Custom writing